Il Diavolo nero (The Black Devil) (1957)




Director:     .

Starring:     Gérard Landry (Osvaldo de Marzi), Milly Vitale (Isabella), Nadia Gray (Duchessa Lucrezia), Leonora Ruffo (Stella), Maurizio Arena (Ruggero), Andrea Aureli (Lorenzo di Roccabruna), Giulio Battiferri, Nino Crisman (Don Pedro).

As Carlos I of Spain (1516-1556) and as Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire (1519-1556) the monarch tries to occupy all of Italy with the help of traitors





Spoiler Warning:




Historical Background:


1494-1559 – the Italian Wars, a series of conflicts involved, at various times, most of the city-states of Italy, the Papal States, most of the major states of Western Europe and the Ottoman Empire.

1500  --  birth of the future Carlos I of Spain (as of 1516) and Charles V (as if 1519) 

1515 – Aragon controlled the Duchy of Milan, but a year before Charles ascended to the throne, it was annexed by France after the Battle of Marignano.

1516 -- coronation of Carlos I of Spain. The Crown of Aragon inherited by Charles included the Kingdom of Naples, the Kingdom of Sicily and the Kingdom of Sardinia.

1525 - Charles succeeded in re-capturing Milan following the Battle of Pavia.

Spain holds onto all of its Italian territories, despite many invasions during the Italian Wars.

1538 – a Holy League of all the Italian states and Spain is formed to stop the Ottoman Empire from disrupting the Habsburg trade in the Mediterranean Sea.

1538 – the Holy League is defeated at the Battle of Preveza by the Ottoman Empire.

1545-1563  --  Council of Trent begins the Counter-Reformation.

1556  -- Charles resigns. 

1558  -- death of Carlos I/Charles V. 

1571 – after Charles' death, the ottoman Empire was defeated at the Battle of Lepanto.



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