Camille Claudel (1989)

 

 

 

 

Director:  Bruno Nuytten

Starring:  Isabelle Adjani (Camille Claudel), Grard Depardieu (Auguste Rodin), Laurent Grvill (Paul Claudel), Alain Cuny (Louis-Prosper Claudel), Madeleine Robinson (Louise-Athanaise Claudel), Katrine Boorman (Jessie Lipscomb), DaniPle Lebrun (Rose Beuret), Aurelle Doazan (Louise Claudel), Madeleine Marie (Victoire), Maxime Leroux (Claude Debussy), Philippe Clvenot (EugPne Blot), Roger Planchon (Morhardt), Flaminio Corcos (Schwob), Roch Leibovici (P'tit Louis), Grard Darier (Marcel).

in 1883 France, sculptor Auguste Rodin meets sculptress Camille Claudel and they begin a relationship

 

Spoiler Warning:  below is a summary of the entire film.

A man runs to a house and knocks.  A woman tells the man it is too late, but he says he must see Miss Lipscomb.  It's urgent and about his sister.  The woman goes to fetch Miss Lipscomb.  She tells her that it is Mister Paul Claudel.  Jessie Lipscomb comes out and asks what's happened to Camille?  He tells her she has vanished.  She urges him to look in on the studio. 

Paris, February 1885.  Camille Claudel is gathering mud into a suitcase from a construction ditch.  She walks home with it and takes it upstairs.  Her male model Giganti helps her with the suitcase.  She immediately starts work on a new sculpture.  A friend, Jessie Lipscomb, comes in and tells Camille that her mother and brother Paul were frantic over where Camille was.  Camille does not say anything.  Jessie wonders to herself if she is meant to be a sculptor.  Jessie tells Camille that Camille's teacher, sculptor Alfred Boucher, says that Rodin is a genius, but he seduces all the girls.  He sleeps with all his models. 

The women are waiting for the arrival of Rodin, who will sit for a sculpture.  Rodin comes up and talks incessantly about being in too much of a rush to sit.  He looks at a work of Camille and says that she must work the clay.  He is going to leave, but the women ask him at least to stay for tea.  Rodin sits down.  He asks them about Boucher's statement that the two women left the Academy.  Yes, they left.  He talks about his early days of sculpture and then gets up to leave.  Camille asks him to get her some marble.  He asks her if she has worked on stone and she replies that she has worked with granite.  He says that they will all think it over and there are other sculpture teachers besides Boucher. 

After Rodin leaves, Jessie is ecstatic about him, saying he is handsome, strong and bright.  She asks Camille about her impressions, but Camille only says:  "Nothing."  Actually she is mad the he came in and went out so fast and he never mentioned their work.  She adds:  "What a lout!" 

Camille eats dinner with her family (sans her father who is elsewhere working).  Mother seems very irritated at her for quitting the Academy and renting a studio with some dizzy foreigner (that is, Jessie Lipscomb).  She feels that Camille doesn't pay attention to the costs of these things she does, working her father overtime to get her the money.  He only able to see his family once a week.  Mom also says Camille keeps the family up all night and she made her brother fail in school.  This rant disturbs Camille and she leaves the table.  Mother yells at her some more, but Paul tells mother to leave Camille alone. 

Later Paul and Camille in their clothes lay on the bed and talk.  Paul is an anarchist and can't stand school.  He is also an aspiring poet.  Camille tells him she loves his poems and she adores him.  She says:  "You alone believe in me." 

Camille goes to a place called the Marble Warehouse.  Rodin is busy with the Minister of Culture and tells his assistant Limet to get Camille some marble.  He hurriedly goes over to Camille, explains the situation and returns to business.  The work he will be sculpting is called the Gates of Hell.  Camille goes with the assistant Limet to get the marble.  She is blown away by the beauty of the many sculptures in Rodin's warehouse.  She selects a stone that is very hard to work with.  He tells Camille that Rodin is spoiling her.  He says the same thing to Rodin and suggests the lady takes lessons.  Rodin says no, the lady doesn't need any more lessons.  "She'll learn by doing." 

A young man with the stone on his wheel barrow follows behind Camille.  In her studio Giganti serves as a foot model for her.  She is sculpting a foot and ankle. 

Camille is there at the train depot when her father arrives.  At home having dinner her mother cries over having a daughter that connives to steal her father's money.  She also calls her daughter a tramp.  Camille gets up from the table, but her father tells her not to interfere.  Dad gets up and tells his wife that this is ridiculous.  She should come out and sit with the family.

Camille walks over to the Marble Warehouse and leaves her foot and ankle sculpture on a table.  She tells Limet to please thank Rodin for her.  Rodin looks at the work and is very impressed. 

Camille runs over to Jessie's house to show her a letter.  Rodin wants both ladies to be his apprentices.  Meet him tomorrow at 8 in the morning at his studio. Both women are ecstatic, jumping up and down holding each other. 

While Rodin is away, an older woman visits the studio and is very disturbed.  She says that Rodin goes too far having two female apprentices. 

Camille, Jessie and Marcel (the young fellow who brings the materials) work on a message written on a sheet for Rodin upon his return.  When Rodin comes in, the two women unfurl the sheet, from atop the huge Gates of Hell sculpture,  but the great sculptor is not pleased at all.  He tells Marcel to take that sign down and the two women to come down. Camille is offended by his attitude and she shoves a clenched fist towards him.  Then she starts getting off the sculpture.  Rodin tells her to come back and stand between the two small Adam statutes on top of the huge sculpture.  He likes this arrangement and tells Limet to make another Adam sculpture for him.  Rodin leaves talking about the writer Victor Hugo's first sitting for a sculpture.  He says Hugo is a God. 

Leaving work for the day, a fellow flirts with the two young women.  Marcel helps run interference for them.  

Camille talks with Giganti about his next modeling job for her.  The piece will be pensive and tender, just like Giganti. 

Rodin is using a nude woman as a model in his studio.  Camille looks at Rodin manipulating the model until he gets just the right pose.  The flirt of the studio becomes very aggressive with Camille even though she tells him she's not interested.  The fellow shouts at her:  "I'll get you. Girls don't play coy for long here."  Camille is so upset and angry about the over aggressive suitor that she starts walking out.  Jessie asks her where is she going?  She says:  "Back to my real work!" 

Camille almost bumps into a woman coming to the studio.  She tells her:  "Forget it.  You don't stand a chance!"  The woman (his common-law wife Rose) asks Rodin about the angry young lady. 

Back home Camille cries to Paul that Rodin doesn't like her foot and ankle and will never sign the piece of work.  She tells him:  "He should have understood."  Paul brings out from his sister that factthat she has never even asked Rodin about his thoughts of her work. 

In the rain Rodin comes over to talk with Camille in her studio.  He tells her she is unbearable and asks why she left?  He asks:  "Are you always so impulsive?"   He assures her that he needs her and wants her to work at his studio.  Then he looks at her sculpture of the pensive thinker.  He likes the head and neck but she has ignored the body.  Always think in depths, not surfaces, he tells her.  He examines her male model and tells her that she is audacious enough to sculpt a live male model, but not audacious enough to really bring out his features.  Rodin says she works hard and with her heart, but goes about it in the wrong way. 

Rodin takes  Camille to his "secret " studio.  There is a lady already at work there and she asks if she is now fired.  Rodin says no, that the woman is just a student.  He has the older woman model in the nude for him.  As he looks at the model for Camille he comments on the profiles which are good and bad.

Rodin and Camille ride in a coach over to her home.  In the coach Rodin tells her that he is so happy now.  He says he will take her anywhere she wants to go, but she decides just to go into her house.  She tells Rodin that her mother no longer speaks to her.  Mom doesn't like all that "filth" involved with sculpture.  It almost looks like they are going to kiss, but Camille gets out of the coach.  Then she tells Rodin that some of the hiding of the body he referred to is because Giganti hides his body because he's hurt.  She leaves.  Rodin goes to his studio and works on tearing down one of his sculptures.  He experiments with putting a female sculpture with a male sculpture. 

Camille has come to Paul's school to tell him that Rodin has singed her foot and ankle sculpture, but she can't finish her sentence because he tells her Victor Hugo is dead.  Camille rushes over to the Marble Warehouse.  Rodin is busy yelling at Rose who is crying because he does not want to take her with him when he goes to the Victor Hugo funeral.  She says the Rodin is ashamed of her.  Camille sees and hears all this and decides to talk with Rodin at another time.  Camille now tries to find her model Giganti. 

Jessie tells Camille that this Rose person is just one of several women Rodin is with, but they are not married.  Her full name is Rose Beuret. 

Camille goes to Rodin's secret studio.  He is looking at his nude model and thinking.  Camille comes in all dressed in black.  He tells his model to get dressed.  Rodin then tells Camille that the Hugo funeral wore him out.  After the model leaves, Camille takes off her clothes and poses for Rodin.  He kisses her neck and shoulder and then kisses her mouth repeatedly. 

The Claudel family are taking a trip to the country.  Dad tells her that he has invited Rodin to come to the country so the family can properly thank him.  Camille says he can't come, he's too busy.  Dad just says we'll see.  In the country Camille writes Rodin  begging him not to come to Villeneuve.  Rodin comes out in a carriage riding with two women, Rose and Jessie.  Camille comes downstairs and greets the sculptor with a slight bow.  Camille tells Jessie that she will never forgive her for not stopping Rodin from coming out and especially so because he brought "that" woman.       

Camille speaks with Rodin in private.  She tells him he should not have come out to see them.  "It's horrid.  I'm ashamed."

Everyone sits down to eat at a table out on the patio.  Mother asks Rose if she is a catholic?  Rose says she does what Rodin does.  Rodin says he once wanted to be a monk.  His sister even became a nun.  She died there of grief and he went into the monastery.  He started living her life, until his Confessor asked him to sculpt his portrait.  This brought him back to his own life. 

During the meal, mother calls Camille arrogant.  This makes dad mad and he bangs down on the table.  He denies that his daughter is arrogant.  She is brave and uncompromising. 

Rodin says that he is three years behind on the Gates of Hell and he must have help.  Unfortunately, Jessie is leaving for England.  He tells everyone that he wants Camille in Paris and that means the vacation is over.  Rose is mad about the fuss made over Camille.  Camille pushes Rodin into a corner and really kisses him. 

Camille sees Jessie off on the train.  Jessie cries because Rodin did not come to see her off.  The train starts pulling out of the station and just then Rodin makes an appearance.  Camille runs up a flight of stairs to see him.  They embrace.  They go on a trip somewhere by the seaside.  Now they act like real lovers, openly.    They ride in a carriage to their new "studio".  It looks more like a mansion.  It is being remodeled inside.  Rodin asks Camille to stay with him tonight, but she doesn't want to upset her family.  Outside Rose watches the place. 

Mother is mad at Camille again.  She stayed out all Sunday, on the only day of the week when the rest of the family can see father.  Dad tries to ignore mother. 

The next morning Camille comes with a lot of workmen.  She hugs Rodin and tells him she still can't find Giganti.  Rodin says the man would have been a good Bourgeois of Calais, but now to work!  The workmen are dressed up as Romans in tunics.  Then he makes statues of each character. 

Rodin talks to a sculpted head of Giganti.  He says that he knows Giganti loves Camille, but just could never tell her so.  He goes on to say that Camille is his only source of inspiration now.  He adds that he has lost some spirit that Camille has in abundance.  Rodin brings the bust of Giganti into the home.   

At home Camille's father works on his scrapbook of her accomplishments. 

Paul tells his sister that he wants to get away from Paris and the family.  Camille says that Rodin will help him.  Dad comes out to call the two in to see their sister and her fianc้.  He takes Camille to the side and asks her if Rodin has given her the raise yet?  She says Rodin promised her.  Dad complains that since she has meet Rodin, she is not doing any work of her own.  She has not exhibited anything this year at the Salon.  He tells her that her future is her own and not to be around Rodin so much for people are talking. 

Camille kisses Rodin.  He feels her face as if he were feeling a sculpture.  He starts using her as a model.  Paul comes for a visit and sees one bust of his sister after another.  He starts crying.  Rodin comes in and covers up all the statues that Paul uncovered.  They sit down to lunch.  Paul looks like he's in shock over the deep relationship between Rodin and his sister.  He came to the studio so Rodin could help him get away. 

The doctor tells Camille that she is pregnant.  She is not at all happy about it.  She takes a ring off her finger and throws it to the ground.  The Eiffel Tower is being constructed.  Camille goes with Rodin to another formal dinner.  She says she doesn't like the dinners because she doesn't like the people and that's because none of them truly understand his work.  This dinner consists of the whole Town Council of Calais.  Camille starts running away.  Rodin starts to follow her but stops. 

Rodin waits for her in the coach.  When they see each other again they hug and Camille asks him to marry her. 

Camille writes to Rodin telling him she is not coming to Calais.  She is working on a bust of him. 

Rose comes in and tries to really harm Camille.  She tries to push her head into a load of hot charcoal.  When that fails, she tries to brand her face with the piece of iron that was being heated by the coals.  Camille manages to throw a bucket of water on the hot iron and on Rose herself.  Rose leaves crying, while Camille shouts that next time she will kill Rose.  Camille cries too. 

A messenger comes to tell Rodin that Camille has gone and left everything behind.  No one has seen her for three days.  Rodin says he can't do anything about it tonight and goes back inside. 

The next day Rodin goes to his studio.  He starts to work very fast on a sculpture done by Camille.  He has the messenger go to the other studio to bring Limet and the workers over.  Soon the workers are looking at Camille's newest sculpture.  Camille slowly walks into the studio.  She hears Rodin extolling the virtues of her bust of Rodin.  He adds:  "Miss Claudel has become a master."  One of the workers says she's a witch.  Camille walks away.  Rodin hears her steps and goes after her.  He catches up with her and tells her the sculpture is magnificent.   Camille only says that Rodin has to choose between his wife and her.  He tells her that Rose is not his wife.  She begs Rodin to leave her.  Rodin tells Camille to give him time to prepare Rose for the bad news for he is all she has.  Camille says she's leaving and walks out. 

Camille tears at the head of a mud sculpture of Rodin and then knocks it over.  She moves into her brother's place.  Paul tells her that he has found faith.  He knows that God exists.  Camille tells him that she had an abortion.  She also tells Paul that she wants to stay here, that she doesn't want to go home.  She works on her sculptures.  One of her works is exhibited.  They also look at Rodin's sculpture of a nude Camille and other works.

Paul and two of his friends come to see Camille.  One of the men take her out dancing.  Camille feels dizzy and sits down on the steps.  Taking her home, he asks her to kiss him.  She says:  "No comment."

A Mr. Blot makes a partnership with Camille.  He will sell her statues and she will sculpt.  He also gives her a monetary advance. 

Rodin knocks on her door, but she won't open.  He asks her to forgive him, but she won't answer.  Rodin has to go away. 

Camille sculptures one of the neighbor girls.  Paul is leaving for America.  Camille gives him a big hug.  She even chases after his coach telling him to write her and that she will make him proud of her.  Dad and mom are leaving Paris in search of some peace and quiet.  Camille sculpts an old, half-naked woman.  Later she watches from a secluded place while Rodin walks by her. 

Rodin walks and hears someone walking behind him.  It is Camille.  They run to each other and embrace.  She cries from happiness.  They go to a cafe to have a bite to eat.  Camille says she feels like a stranger to herself and that there is always something missing in her life.  On the positive side, she tells Rodin that his Balzac statue was a bold idea.  Rodin says he has been made a laughing-stock because of that sculpture. 

Rodin literally feels each and every one of her sculptures.  He says that they say she is not well.  Rodin really gets upset about one sculpture that he says shows him being torn apart between two women.  The piece would be too scandalous and he has had enough scandal with his Balzac sculpture.  She says she has worked for the right to sculpt whatever she wants.  Rodin says not at his expense.  He starts calling her a third-rate sculptor and tells her that all the ideas come from him, not her.  She asks him why he is so jealous?  Rodin says her statues hate life and search for pain.  She presents herself as a victim, a martyr, but she's the one who left him.   Camille feels that the critics said she just gathered the scraps and leftovers from Rodin's work and put them in her sculpture and Rodin did nothing to stop them from writing this.  She says he ruined her life, that she would rather be in an asylum. Camille yells at him that he supports political hacks, so they will defend his work.  Rodin objects:  "I'm neither for nor against Dreyfus!"  She says that when she heard he was pro-Dreyfus, she became anti-Dreyfus. 

Camille still is resentful for being forced, as she sees it, to have an abortion.  Rodin says:  "Had I known you expedited a child, I'd have married you."  She says he never made a choice and he says she is the only one he really loves.  She says:  "I couldn't share you."   He says it's finished and walks out.  Camille cries and asks why?  Why? 

Camille sells many of her possessions to get some very needed money .  She visits with a man selling her work.  Camille tells him she needs recognition and he says she has it with the order for The Age of Maturity.  But the work will not be a part of the Exposition of 1900.  She believes that Rodin is plotting against her, but the businessman tells her:  "Whenever he can, Rodin helps you."  He wishes Camille well.  Camille doesn't listen or doesn't hear what he has told her.  She insists that Rodin is working against her.  The fellow tells her that she goes too far with her accusations.  She must calm down.  He even goes so far as to tell her she's crazy. 

The state confiscates some of her statues in repayment for money she received from the government for her sculptures that were not delivered.  She says she burned the government check.  At night she throws glassware at  Rodin's place with Roseand screams that he is a capitalist.  Camille throws garbage all over his front steps.  Rodin covers her ears and two policemen take her away.    

Camille tries to get out of the family country house, but all the gates are locked.  She goes through several. doors and finds her father in a bedroom.  She asks him if she has disappointed him?  Yes, but he still has always loved her.  Paul and her sister came to visit Camukke, but to no avail.  Saying she is ashamed, she cries.  Dad reads from a book of poems by Paul.  He says Paul has found faith, but what will she have when he (her dad) is gone? 

Camille's studio has flooded.  Mr. Blot comes in to find her sleeping on an upper half-story floor. She says that Rodin is trying to drown her now.  He tells her that she refused an order for ten busts of Rodin.  She is invited to Prague with Rodin, but she refuses to go.  He tells her that her behavior is irresponsible.  And that's not all.  She even mailed cat shit to the Minister of Culture.  Blot says:  "Stop these morbid pranks!  Go out!  Be seen!"  He accuses her of trying to kill herself with this lifestyle of hers.  She says she is afraid all the time. 

Switching to the positive, Blot tells her he will give her six months to make a large-scale piece for him and he will arrange for an exhibition of her works.  Blot now starts taking her many cats to the boat and says he will be back for her. 

Paul gives a talk on the meaning and importance of the work of Camile Claudel.  He thinks that an unmentioned artist's work (that of Rodin) is not as good as the work of Camille.  Camille comes in and starts shouting:  "Bravo, Paul!  Bravo, Paul!"  She opens a bottle of champagne.  Camille looks and sounds like she has been drinking heavily.  Paul is upset at her and compares her clothes and make-up to a clown in a circus.  Paul leaves without saying goodbye to Camille, who now looks for him and can't find him. 

Blot speaks with Camille and says that most of the reviews of the exhibition were good.  He says he didn't sell anything, but he knows he will get sales later.  Blot says:  "Genius always terrifies people."  Her art is so great that no one understands it.  A sad Camille shakes Blot's hand goodbye and says:  "I love you, Blot." 

Camille goes to the house of Rodin, but just hides and watches him from a ditch as he walks by.  She throws her foot and ankle sculpture into the river.  She returns to her studio and starts smashing all her works of plaster.  She tips over a huge cabinet containing a multitude of small statues.  When she is finished with her rampage, she collapses.  Later she buries some of the pieces of her sculptures. 

Camille's father dies.

March 3, 1913, day of the burial of Camille's father. And mom is still condemning Camille. 

March 8, 1913.  Brother Paul gets Camille committed to an asylum.  She shut herself up in her room, didn't wash herself, etc., etc.

March 10, 1913.  They come for Camille. She does not resist.  As she is being placed in the asylum truck, she seems to wake up and starts resisting, but it's too late.  She is locked in. 

She writes to Paul about her months, years in the asylum.  She says she is in exile and would like to go home to Villeneuve. 

"Because of the war Camille Claudel was transferred to the asylum at Montdevergues on September 9, 1914.  She died there on October 19, 1943, after thirty years of confinement." 

 

Good movie.  It definitely keeps your interest.  Isabelle Adjani (as Camille Claudel) and Grard Depardieu (Auguste Rodin) were great in the film.  It seems that the film is a little too harsh on Rodin.  He actually was married to Camille for 15 years.  (See below.)  The film seems to blame Rodin for her going crazy, but early on she was showing symptoms of mental illness.  Her mother may have been overcritical of her daughter, but there were signs of early mental problems.  Her mother says in the film that Camille forced the family to move to Paris from their beloved Villeneuve.  Mom says she acted like a man and was always very impulsive. 

Camille gets involved with Rodin, a man who has children by another woman, who is virtually his common-law wife.  Then she demands that Rodin marry her and abandon the other family, and especially the other woman.  When Rodin asks her to give him some time, she abandons him.  Camille cuts off all contact with Rodin, except for her sneaking around and watching him on different occasions.  She soon becomes absolutely paranoid that Rodin is trying to ruin her as a sculptor.  And then she slowly descends into madness.  That's not Rodin's fault. 

The film does show the prejudice against women of the time.  Many saw it as scandalous that Camille and her friend Jessie served as apprentices under Rodin. Camille was driven out of Rodin's big studio by sexual harassment from the men, and especially from one particular fellow.  And people were all too ready to believe that all of Camille's works were derivative from the great sculptures of Rodin.  She mostly likely was ahead of her time and being blocked artistically must have contributed to her madness. 

Patrick L. Cooney, Ph. D.

 


Historical Background:

 

Auguste Rodin – French sculptor who both excelled at and rebelled against the Beaux-arts tradition.

1840 (November 12) – Franois-Auguste-Ren Rodin was born to a working class family in Paris.

Despite the talent evident in his portrait of the local priest who helped him discover his vocation, Rodin was denied admission to the Beaux Arts academy.

He was accepted at a trade school for decorative sculpture.

He later moved to Belgium to work in a studio that produced decorative sculpture.

In Belgium he created The Age of Bronze. It looked so realistic to viewers that critics accused Rodin of surmoulage (i.e., taking plaster molds from live models).

Rodin struggled to clear his name.

Rose Beuret was his loyal companion during his years of poverty in Belgium

1864 (December 8) – birth of Camille Claudel in northern France, the second child of a family of farmers and gentry.

1866 – a son, Auguste-EugPne Beuret, born to Rodin and Rose Beuret.

1880 – Rodin was awarded the commission to create a portal for the planned Museum of Decorative Arts. Although the museum was never built, Rodin worked for 37 years on this monumental sculptural group, The Gates of Hell, depicting scenes from Dante's Inferno. Some of the sculptures were his best-known:

The Thinker (representing the poet Dante), The Three Shades and The Kiss.

The Gates are: the Ugolino group, Fugitive Love, The Falling Man, The Sirens, Fallen Caryatid Carrying her Stone, Damned Women, The Standing Fauness, The Kneeling Fauness, The Martyr, She Who Once Was the Beautiful Helmetmaker's Wife, Glaucus, Polyphem.

1881  --  Camille, her mother, brother and younger sister moved to the Montparnasse area of Paris.  Her father remained behind, working to support them.  She studied at the Acadmie Colarossi with sculptor Alfred Boucher. 

1882  --  Claudel rented a workshop with primarily English young women, including sculptor Jessie Lipscomb. 

1883 – Rodin agreed to supervise Alfred Boucher's sculpture course during his absence. Here he met 18-year-old sculptress Camille Claudel. Rodin fell in love with his talented pupil, and Claudel recognized her chance to be tutored by the greatest sculptor talent of her time, who was just breaking through to fame. They became a creative and intimate couple. They shared an atelier at a small old castle (68 Boulevard d'Italie, Paris). And Rodin made a contract with Claudel to give up all contact with other women and marry her.  (According to Claudel's friend Jessie Lipscomb, Claudel and Rodin had two children.)

But, regardless of his new love, Rodin still kept up his old ties with Rose Beuret.

The relationship between Rodin and Claudel caused family problems for Claudel, for her family did not at all approve of her relationship with Rodin. 

Claudel inspired Rodin as a model for many of his tragic love couples. For instance, she assisted him during his work on The Burghers of Calais.

1892  --  Claudel ended intimacy with Rodin, (perhaps because of an unwanted abortion), but they still saw each other until 1898. 

1890s – Rodin received a commission to create a Monument to Victor Hugo. The work reflected his relationship with Claudel: The Poet and Love, The Genius and Pity, The Sculptor and his Muse.

1893  --  Camille's Bronze Waltz.

1897 – Rodin made a plaster model of the Monument to Victor Hugo. The model met criticism because it did not fit conventional expectations.

1897  -- with Wave, Camille broke with her Rodin period, now using a much more decorative style. 

1898 – his Monument to Balzac at the Champ des Mars (which showed the writer in his morning frock) was also repudiated. After this, he did not finish any public commissions.

1898  --  after nearly 15 years, the Camille and Rodin parted.

For awhile, Camille was with the younger Claude Debussy, the composer.  She gave him a copy of her La Valse which was on his mantle place until he died.  (Apparently, he was more taken with her than vice-versa.)

1900  --  Camille's The Age of Maturity is an allegory of her break with Rodin.

1903 – Camille exhibited her works at the Salon des Artistes franais or at the Salon d'Automne.

After 1903 – he enlarged his most successful works to monumental dimensions.

At this time he was France's best known artist and had many students, craftsmen and stone cutters.

1905 forward --   Camille acted mentally deranged: she destroyed many of her statues, disappeared for long periods of time and acted paranoid, accusing Rodin of stealing her ideas and trying to kill her.

1906  --  Camille's brother wed and returned to China.  After this Camille secluded herself in her workshop. 

c. 1915 – Rodin produced numerous erotic drawings.

1906 – he exhibited his erotic drawings at Weimar Museum. This resulted in the Kessler scandal, in which Harry Count Kessler was dismissed as curator of the Museum.

1913  --  Claudel's father (who had helped to support her) died.  Eight days later she was admitted to a psychiatric hospital.  Every few years her brother would visit her. 

1917 (January 29) – Rodin finally married Rose Beuret, who died two weeks later.

1917 (November 17) – death of Rodin.

1920  --  physician Dr. Brunet advised Claudel's mother to try to reintegrate her daughter back into the family, but her mother was not interested. 

1929  --  Jessie Lipscomb visited Claudel.  .

1943 – after 30 years of living in an asylum, Camille Claudel died.  Her sister and mother never visited her.

1951  --  her brother organized an exhibition at the Muse Rodin (and continued to display her sculptures).

 

 

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