Cortigiana di Babilonia (Queen of Babylon) (1956)

 

 

Director:  Carlo Ludovica Bragaglia

Starring:  Rhonda Fleming (Semiramis), Ricardo Montalban (Amal), Roldano Lupi (Assur), Carlo Ninchi (Sibari), Tamara Lees (Lysia)

Babylonia rebels against the Assyrian empire, 626 B.C

 

 

King Assur and his army have taken Babylon.  The subjugated people of Babylonia continue to resist the occupation of their land.  The rebel leader Amal is hidden by a beautiful goat herder Semiramis.  She is captured and becomes the favorite of King Assur who makes her his Queen. 

Amal is also captured.  He is very mad at Semiramis because he believes that she has betrayed her people and he himself.  

The cousin of King Assur murders him and blames the governmental overthrow on Semiramis and Amal.  The cousin plans to burn Semiramis at the stake.  Will Amal and his people be able to save Semiramis? 

 

Patrick Louis Cooney, Ph. D. 

 


Historical Background:

Babylonia

The Sumerians and Akkadians dominated what later became Babylonia and then Iraq. 

1900 B.C.  --  Sumerian revival under Ur III. 

Old Babylonian Period (300 years)

Semitic Armorites took over most of Mesopotamia. 

 1780-1750 B.C.  --  under Hammurabi, their sixth ruler, the city state of Babylon attained hegemony over Mesopotamia.  Babylon became a "holy city".  Under him, a code of laws, called the Code of Hammurabi, was developed.

The Babylonian army conquered the city-states of Islin, Elam and Uruk, as well as the kingdom of Mari.

1625-1595  --  rule of King of Samsu-Ditana.  He was the last of the First Dynasty of Babylon.

1595  --  the sack of Babylon by the Hittite king Mursili.  Babylon was turned over to Kassites from the mountains of Iran. 

Early Kassite Monarchs (rule of 546 years)

The high priests of Ashur became the rulers of Assyria --  an empire in the region of the Upper Tigris River & later including the northern half of Mesopotamia..  The southern half was Babylon.  

689 B.C.  --  Assyrian sack of Babylon. 

627 B.C.  --  death of the last strong Assyrian ruler,  Ashurbanipal.

626 B.C.  --  led by under Nabopilassar the Chaldean, Babylonia revolted against the Assyrian empire.

Neo-Babylonian Empire (626-539)

626-605 B.C.  --  Nabopilassar becomes the first king of the Neo-Babylon Empire.

612 B.C.  --  Minevah sacked (with the help of Medes). 

609 B.C.  --  Nabopilassar destroyed the remnants of the Assyrian Empire.

605-562  --  Nebuchadnezzar II ruled Babylonia for 43 years and made Babylon the center of the civilized world.  He is famous for his Hanging Gardens of Babylon, which he had made of his homesick wife. 

597 B.C.  --  Nebuchadnezzar II destroyed the temples in Jerusalem and conquered Judah.

576 or 590 - 529 B.C.  --  Cyrus the Great ruled Persia. 

567 B.C.  --  Nebuchadnezzar II invaded Egypt. 

556-539  --  Nabonidus ruled Babylonia. 

539 B.C.  --  Cyrus the Great defeated Nabonidus at Opis and occupied Babylon.  Babylon had lost its independence. 

 

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