Hemingway, the Hunter of Death (2001)





Director:  Sergio Dow

Starring:  Albert Finney (Ernest Hemingway), Paul Guilfoyle (Alex Smith, British police commissioner), Fele Martinez (Federico), (Renata, the photographer and Hemingway's lover), (Antonio, Hemingway's godson, a Spanish biologist and frustrated bull fighter), (Kamau, a Kikuyu tribe member who works with the Mau Mau rebels)

Hemingway goes on a scientific expedition to Mt. Kenya during the Mau-Mau rebellion


Spoiler Warning:




Historical Background:


1899  -- Hemingway born in Oak Park, Illinois.  His father was a physician. 

He loved the out-of-doors, especially hunting and fishing.  The family would often spent summer vacations at their house, Windemere, on Walloon Lake in Michigan. 

He wrote for his school newspaper and literary magazine. 

1916  -- graduating from high school, he started work as a cub reporter for the Kansas City Star.  

World War I  --  he joined the American Field Service Ambulance Corps and headed for Italy.  (On the way, he stopped in Paris and tried to get as close to the combat there as possible.)

In Milan, Italy, he was shaken by having to pick up female body parts after an explosion in a factory.

1918 (July 8)  --  delivering supplies to soldiers, Hemingway was wounded.  The Italian government awarded him with the Silver Medal of Military Valor.

Convalescing, he met and fell in love with one of the Red Cross nurses, Sister Agnes von Kurowsky.  While Hemingway was back in the US, she fell in love with another man and later married him. 

1920  -- he worked for the Toronto Star in Toronto, Ontario.  He met colleague Morley Callaghan.

1921  -- he married Hadley Richardson.

1921 (December)  --  he and his wife left for Paris.  American expatriate Gertrude Stein became his mentor.  This was at the start of the expatriate circle of Americans that Stein called the Lost Generation.  Another mentor was Ezra Pound.

1923  --  publication of Hemingway's first book, Three Stories and Ten Poems

1923  --  birth of his first son.

1924  -- he resigned from the Toronto Star.

1925  --  his In Our Time was published in the US.

1925  -- following the publication of The Great Gatsby, Hemingway met F. Scott Fitzgerald.  Zelda, Fitzgerald's wife, disliked Hemingway.  She thought his macho attitude was a cover for homosexuality and accused her husband of having an affair with Hemingway. 

1926  --  his first successful novel, The Sun also Rises.

1927  --  after his divorce, Hemingway marries Pauline Pfeiffer, a devout Roman Catholic.  (Hemingway became a Roman Catholic.)

1928  --  his father committed suicide.

1928  --  birth of his second son, Patrick.

1928  --  A Farewell to Arms.

1932  --  A Death in the Afternoon about bull-fighting.

1932  --  went on safari to Kenya.

He reported on the Spanish Civil War.

1935  --  publication of the Green Hills of Africa about his Kenya safari.

1939  --  Francisco Franco wins the Spanish Civil War.

1940  -- divorced his wife and lost his Key West home.  A few weeks later he married his companion in Spain, Martha Gellhorn.

1940  --  For Whom the Bell Tolls, which was placed during the Spanish Civil War.

1942  --  he went to Europe to work as a war correspondent for Collier's Magazine.  He was present at D-Day.

1944  -- he took as his fourth wife, war correspondent Mary Welsh. 

1950  --  Across the River and into the Trees; post WWII Venice.

1952  --  Old Man and the Sea.

He had an estate outside Havana, Cuba

1953  --  Pulitzer prize for Old Man and the Sea.

1953-1954 --  went on safari with his wife to Africa. This was in the middle of the Mau-Mau conflict in Kenya. He had an affair with a native woman, Debba, an affair that apparently his wife condoned (or looked the other way). 

1954  --  he received the Nobel Prize for Literature.

1961  --  in Ketchum, Idaho he committed suicide with a shotgun blast to the head.



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