Socrates (1970)  TV

 

 

 

Director:     Roberto Rossellini

Starring:     Jean SylvPre (Socrates), Anne Caprile (Santippe), Beppe Mannaiuolo (Apollodoro), Ricardo Palacios (Critone), Antonio Medina (Platone), Julio Morales (Antistene), Emilio Miguel Hernndez (Meleto)

philosopher who was a social gadfly in Athens

A IMDb  registered user named zetes, who appears to know a lot about the Greek classics, gave the movie a very good rating.  He wrote that a lot of historical work went into the production.  Another man says this means they are facing the loss of their power and their democracy.

 

 

 

Spoiler Warning:

In Greece, Sparta defeated Athens in the Peloponnesian War (431-404 BC) Lysander was the Spartan admiral who commanded the Spartan fleet in its defeat of the Athenians at Aegospotami in 405 BC. In the last decade of his life, he organized the dominion of Sparta over Greece.  He installed what came to be known as the government of the Thirty Tyrants due to their cruel and oppressive tactics.   The two leading members were Critias (a former pupil of Socrates) and Theramenes (who was forced to drink hemlock).  The government lasted 13 months. 

Today is the sixth day of the month of Munichion (April/May) of the year of the 64th Olympics, and by the order of Lisandro of Sparta and the terms of surrender that will eventually be imposed on Athens, the walls of Athens will now be torn down.  The workers start to use a battering ram to start knocking down the walls.  A crowd cheers as a big opening is made in the wall. 

A man named Ermete comes to visit with some men at Teofrasto's house.  Teofrasto says that Alcibiade is a good for nothing fellow, but he is their greatest leader.  If our strategists had heard this, they would have forced the Spartans to fight on the mainland and would have defeated them.  On the mainland, Alcibiade would have had the archers and the Thracian cavalry.   The speaker,. Teofrasto, is challenged on this with the statement that it's all fantasy.   Another man says that the problem is the youth of Athens, who have become greedy and lack scruples. 

The Alcibade supporter says that his man will do everything he can to break the tyranny.  Alcibiade was a student of Socrates.  Critzia only wants the death of Alcibiade.  A messenger comes in to say that Teofrasto is going to be a father of a male child, if the gods allow. 

Teofrasto runs off and the men leave their host's house.  Three of the men want to go to the house of Focione.  The oldest man of the four says he's tired and won't go with them.  At Focione's house, the three men, Iperide, Anito and Ermete are announced.  Focione is happy to see them and says that lunch for everyone will soon be ready.  There won't be any female flute players because they are at the ceremony for the demolition of the walls of Athens.  Focione says the celebration marks the beginning of a new era for Athens.  One of the three men says he admires Focione's optimism, but he thinks the Athenians will be too concerned about their own intrigues and thoughts of how they will take advantage of the defeat to settle old accounts to be useful to Athens. 

The Spartans distribute food to the Athenian citizens.  Socrates is there with his followers.  The people fight over the food.  A man confronts Socrates in an accusatory fashion.  He asks what makes Socrates so right, and Socrates answers that he himself knows nothing.  The challenger says then Socrates shouldn't be so careless with what he does say.  Socrates and his followers leave the area. 

 

 

 

Everyone says that the Thirty have received hundreds of complaints our city has always been a city of wizened here is a profession profitable and easy. We have an abundance of examples to quote and it would be boring to mention all of them. It is the envy that pushes the citizens to destroy each other.
The Athenians that supposedly assays are not that great carelessness.
Now overdone.
Today we have good reasons to hope!
You want to say?
I say that I do not in some way the Spartans protect us.
When Lisandro has asked the Council of the confederates what had to be done in Athens defeat, a Theban has proposed that it should be razed to the ground, and it became earth from pasture and we sold as slaves. The whole assembly has approved this proposal, but no agreement was reached on the best method to adopt.
It followed a much debate up to the banquet in honor of the victorious chief. All you are put at the table and the decision was postponed.
At the end of the banquet a singer this Phocaean accompaniment of the lyre sang the chorus of the Elettra Eurippide did.
All of the sakes enthusiasts have forgotten the previous decision to commit a crime so abominable as the destruction of a mother city of the great artists?
If that assembly had been an Athenian council would have demanded the death sentence of Euripides. Instead we hear of admiration had envy. Therefore let us drink to the health of the Spartans.
In every way, I heard that tomorrow the Spartans will make a distribution of food.

 

Distribute the food.
That someone closes the mouth to this crow!
Pulcioso! Scoundrel!
Socrates, you have the treaty by crappy dorm beds.
I am not dressed like a prince!
AND you have the face to Sileno!
It is true . . And I have the belly!
Should I put myself dancing to keep the line.
The first came unto thee the from and thou not drags it to court?
If I get a kick from a donkey, i can't get angry. It is difficult to drag the donkeys in judgment. I had given straight line, would you know that there is only good, the knowledge is only one evil, the presumption of knowledge.
It is good to have ideas on what you know but you Athenians have only opinions on all things. For pride and for weakness spoken of things that you do not know or things that you know evil.
We take into account all the views even if we disagree with them.
What do I care about is that it is in agreement with myself and try to not do never do the opposite of what i think.
What do you know of more that it does not know the other?
What do i know more than others? I know of no know nothing.
But watch these carelessness!
They want to remake the world by splitting hairs. 

 


Historical Background:

 

470 B.C.  --  born.  His father was a sculptor and his mother a midwife. 

Socrates married Xanthippe, who was considered a shrew.  They had three sons: Lamprocles, Sophroniscus, and Menexenus.

432 B.C.  --  he was in the Battle of Potidaea (Athens versus Corinth and Potidaea).  With the Battle of Syboda, these two battles led to the Peloponnesian War. 

431 B.C.  --- start of the Peloponnesian War. 

424 B.C.  --  Socrates was in the Battle of Delium (Athenians versus Boeotians). 

424-425 (winter)  --  Socrates was in the Battle of Amphipolis (Athenians versus Sparta in the Peloponnesian War).  It has been said that Socrates was decorated for bravery. 

It is believed that Socrates earned money through his pupils.  Aristophanes said Socrates ran a school of sophistry with his friend Chaerephon.  (He may have also gotten money from the wealthy.)

One of his students was Plato.  The historian Xenophon was an admirer of Socrates. Aristotle, in turn, studied with Plato.

423 B.C.  --  Aristophanes wrote a play The Clouds in which he criticized Socrates and the new sophistic learning.  (Some believe that this was the start of the campaign against Socrates that led to his self-inflicted execution.)

421 B.C. --  the Peace of Nicias, a truce, was signed between Athens and Sparta.  The peace lasted for six years.

 404  --  Athens loses the Peloponnesian War.   Athens was ruled by the "thirty tyrants" set up by Sparta. 

After losing the war, Athenians started looking for a scapegoat to blame for their failures.  The man they fixed on was Socrates.  He was tried and found guilty of corrupting the youth of Athens.  The court sentenced him to death by drinking hemlock (not the tree, but an herbaceous plant). 

399 B.C.  --  death of Socrates. 

 

 

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