SPAIN

 

ISLAM & SPAIN

Abbasid (750-1260)  --  al-Mansur (754-775);  Abd ar-Rahman I establishes an independent caliphate in Spain (756); Harun al-Rashid (786-809); al-Ma'mun (809-813); Aghlabid Caliph deposed by Shiite Fatimid dynasty (909) 

Abu Zayd al-Hilali  (1947) --- 10th century Islamic Egyptian hero leader Abu Zayd al-Hilali; he and his wife break away from his father's tribe;  later the two tribes engage in battle and son and father have to fight it out (in Arabic)

El valle de las espadas (The Castilian) (1963) --  Spanish film of the first independent Count of Castile,  931-970, who opposed the Moors

Seljuq Turks (a Muslim Turkish clan moved into Persia) take power (1055):

El Cid (1961)  -- 1094, takes Valencia from the Moors

La Spada del Cid (Sword of El Cid)  (1962)  --  based on the homonymous poem and other documents from the epoque

I cento cavalieri (Son of El Cid; Hundred Horsemen) (1964)  --  El Cid's son Diego Rodríguez killed fighting invading Muslim Almoravids from North Africa at Battle of Consuegra, 1097

al Massir (aka Le Destin; Destiny) (1997)  --  the story of Islamic philosopher Averroes (1126-1198) in Spanish province of Andalusia

 

CATHOLIC COUNTER-REFORMATION

Il Diavolo nero (The Black Devil) (1957)  --  As Carlos I of Spain (1516-1556) and as Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire (1519-1556) the monarch tries to occupy all of Italy with the help of traitors

That Lady (1955)  --  story of Ana de Mendoza, Princess of Eboli, and Prince Philip (who became Philip II of Spain, 1556-1598)

La conjura de El Escorial (The El Escorial Conspiracy) (2008) - deceit and betrayal in the court of King Philip II of Spain

Seville, 1640 (2004)  -- 

 

SPAIN & PORTUGAL 

Muslim Era (8th to 15th century):

King Conqueror (2009)  --  James I the Conqueror (reign 1213-1276), King of Aragon, Count of Barcelona, and Lord of Montpellier

Ins de Castro (1944) – loved one of Pedro I of Portugal (1357-1367); she had a tragic ending

Ins de Portugal (1997)   --  ditto

O Judea (The Jew) (1996)  --  the Portugal Inquisition (1497 to l821)  tries a converso (i.e., a Jew who had converted to Catholicism)

 'Non', ou A V Glória de Mandar (No, or the Vain Glory of Command) (1990) --  Portuguese in Portuguese Colonial War review early history of Portugal

Imperial Spain (16th to 17th centuries):  under Habsburg Empire: Kings Charles I (1516-1556);  Philip II (1556-1598); Philip III (1598-1621); Philip IV (1620-1665); Charles II (1665-1700)

Torquemada (1989)  --  Spanish Inquisition

Secret Passage (2004)  --  two Spanish Jewish sisters and a daughter try to escape the wrath of the Spanish Inquisition 

La conjura de El Escorial (The El Escorial Controversy) (2008)  --  deceit and betrayal in the court of 16th century King Philip II of Spain who reigned 1556-1598

Don Carlos, Infant von Spanien (2005)  --  bad relations between King Philip II of Spain and his son Don Carlos

Cervantes (1980)  --  Cervantes (1547–1616), later author of Don Quixote, persuades Philip of Spain to join the Holy League and then becomes a soldier

Expulsados 1609, la tragedia de los moriscos (2009)  -- 1609 Moors expelled from Spain

El Greco (2007)   – a Greek film about the Greek painter (1541–1614) of the Spanish Renaissance

El Greco (1966)  --  about the Greek painter of the Spanish Renaissance

Alatriste (2006)  -- heroic Spanish soldier fighting in Flanders in 17th century has to look after a dying friend's son in Madrid; King Philip IV depicted

Esquilache (1989)   --  Spain under troubled reign of Charles II (1665-1700); (specifically ,the Esquilache Riots of March 1766) (Spanish only)

Spain under the Borbons (18th century): Philip V (1700-1724); Louis I (1724); Philip V (1724-1746); Ferdinand VI (1746); Charles III (1746-1788)-; Charles IV (1746-1808); Ferdinand VII (1808)

 

SPANISH CONFLICT WITH ENGLAND

Elizabeth (1998) -- Elizabeth I, 1558-1603, sister of Mary, Queen of England

Elizabeth I  -- HBO drama focusing on the private life of the "Virgin" Queen

Young Bess (1953) Jean Simmons, Stewart Granger

The Virgin Queen (1955) -- Bette Davis

The Private Lives of Elizabeth and Essex (1939)

Drake of England (or Elizabeth of England)  (1935)  --  privateer Sir Francis Drake brings lots of money into England

Seven Seas to Calais (1962)  --  Sir Francis Drake

The Sea Hawk (1940) -- Spanish Armada

Fire Over England (1937) -- British-Spanish conflict of 1500s

 

Imperial Spain (16th to 17th centuries):  under Habsburg Empire: Kings Charles I (1516-1556);  Philip II (1556-1598); Philip III (1598-1621); Philip IV (1620-1665); Charles II (1665-1700)

Apocalypto (2006)  --  Mayan Rambo just before the arrival of the Spanish

Kings of the Sun (1963)  --  Mayans pursued by Toltec invaders

La princesa de los ursinos (Princess of the Ursinos) (1947) – French lady (d. 1722) prominent for a decade and a half at the court of the first of the Spanish Borbons, Philip V (reign 1700-1724)

X La espada negra (The Black Sword) (1976) – love story of Ferdinand and Elizabeth of Spain

Retorno a Aztlan (1991)  --  an ancient Indian empire in what became Mexico faces a severe drought and the priest prays for relief

Christopher Columbus (1949)  -- discoverer of America, not a short cut to India (with Fredric March and Francis Sullivan)

Christopher Columbus (1985)  --  mini-series starring Gabriel Byrne, Faye Dunaway, Oliver Reed

Christopher Columbus: The Discovery  (1992)  -- with Marlon Brando, Tom Selleck

1492: Conquest of Paradise (1992)  -- Christopher Columbus

Alba de América (Dawn of America) (1952)  --  account of discovery of America

Captain from Castile (1947) -- serves with Cortez in conquest of Mexico

El juicio de Martin Cortes (1974) --  mestizo son of Cortez represents fundamental dilemma of Mexican society

La Otra Conquista (The Other Conquest) (1998)  --  Aztec resistance to Christianization by the Spanish under Cortez

Nuevo Mundo ( New World) (1978) --   in the future Mexico, the Spanish laity and clergy use torture and fear to try to force the native people to accept Christianity and abandon their pagan beliefs

Tribu (1935)  --  conquest of North America

 Cabeza de Vaca (1992)  --  1528, explored parts of the future USA and Mexico

Royal Hunt of the Sun (1969)  --  Francisco Pizarro and the conquest of Peru

Los conquistadores del Pacífico (1963) --  inspired by Balboa, discoverer of the Pacific Ocean

Juana la loca (Locura de amor; Mad Love) (2001)  --  Juana's devotion to her husband of an arranged marriage becomes an obsession; remake of Locura de Amor

Locura de Amor  (Love Crazy) (1948)--  Spanish movie about Joanna the Mad or Joanna of Castile (1479-1555) who ruled  jointly with her husband Philip the Handsome  ($28)

Perlas ng silangan (1969)  --  Spanish colonization of the Philippines (languages Filipino/Tagalog)

Damong ligaw (199&)  --  Filipino-Spanish War (languages Filipino/Tagalog)

The Spanish Main (1945)   --   the area containing the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico was subject to a lot of piracy to get at the gold and other treasures of the New World headed to Spain

Spain under the Borbons (18th century): Philip V (1700-1724); Louis I (1724); Philip V (1724-1746); Ferdinand VI (1746); Charles III (1746-1788)-; Charles IV (1746-1808); Ferdinand VII (1808)

Sangre de mayo (Blood of May) (2008)  --  love story set against reign of Fernando VII of Spain  (currently unavailable)

 

Spanish Opposition to Napoleon:    House of Bonaparte: Joseph Bonaparte (1808-1813)

The Pride and the Passion (1957) -- Spanish Revolution Against Napoleon 1810

Goya in Bordeaux (1999)  -- Spanish painter Francisco Goya (maja is a pretty woman)

Volavérunt  (1999)  --   Goya and the Duchess of Alba, Goya's "Naked Maja" starring Aitana Sánchez-Gijón and Penélope Cruz

The Naked Maja (La maja desnuda) (1958)  --  Goya and the Duchess of Alba starring Ava Gardner

Goya (1985)  --  tv mini-series; lots of history

Goya's Ghosts (2006)  --  Goya and the Spanish Inquisition

Augustina (2010)  --  "Spanish Joan of Arc" Agustina de Aragón (1786-1857) defended Spain during the Spanish War of Independence (1808-1814)

Agustina de Aragón (1950)  --  ditto

 

IMPERIALISM:

Spain: First Spanish Republic (1873-1874):

Spain:  House of Borbon (Second Restoration) --1874-1931:    Alfonso XII (1874-1885);  Alfonso XIII (1886-1931)

Citizen Kane (1941)  -- the life of William Randolph Hearst & yellow journalism start a war w/ Spain

The Hearst and Davies Affair (1985)  -- Hearst and actress Marion Davies  ($39)

The Cat's Meow  (2001)  --  movie producer Thomas Ince dies after yachting with William Randolph Hearst, Charlie Chaplin & Marion Davies

Rough Riders (1997)  -- 1898, with Theodore Roosevelt

Newsies (1992)   --  musical about the 1899 newspaper boy strike against Pulitzer and Hearst in NYC

Mambí (1998) – the Cubans loyal to Spain called the insurgents the Mambies, named after the black Spanish officer, Juan Ethninius Mamby, who was a freedom fighter in the Dominican Republic

 

SPANISH CIVIL WAR   Back to Chapter XI  Back to Contents

Spain: Second Spanish Republic (1931-1939)

Spain:  Francoist Spain (1939-1975)

Belle Epoque (1992)  --  love blooms for a young man during the early period of the Second Spanish Republic (1931-1939)

 Land and Freedom (1995) -- Spanish Civil War

Disappearance of Garcia Lorca  (1997) -- executed; Spanish Civil War

Little Ashes (2008) --  the friendship of film director Luis Bunuel and the two artists Salvador Dali and Federico Garcia Lorca

Talk of Angels (1998)  --  Irish woman flees impending marriage to a political activist only to find political troubles in 1930s Spain

For Whom the Bell Tolls (1944) --  Spanish Civil War

Hemingway (1988) (miniseries)  --  the life and loves of the Nobel Prize winner for Literature

La Niña de tus ojos (The Girl of Your Dreams) (1998)  --  Franco's Spain makes movies in Hitler's Germany

Ay Carmela! --  captured republican theatre players search their consciences about performing for the fascists

 Soldados de Salamina (The Soldiers of Salamina) (2003)  -- a woman reporter chases down the story of fascist poet Rafael Sánchez Mazas who escaped a massacre of 50 fascist prisoners

Butterfly (1999)  --   fascism didn't mean much until they started rounding up people

Viridiana (1961)  --  parable of the Spanish Civil War by director Luis Bunuel

El espiritu de la colmena (The Spirit of the Beehive) (1973)  --  a child's attempts to make sense out of the horrific effects of the Franco dictatorship

Silencio roto (Broken Silence) (2001)  --  a young woman loves a Republican rebel which leads to a great many problems for her

Blockade (1938)  --  anti-war drama of peasant farmer forced to take up arms to defend his farm during the Spanish Civil War

Zerkalo (The Mirror)  (1975)  --  the Spanish Civil War seen with an intermixture of drama and documentary footage

La caza (The Hunt) (1966)  --  on a 4-man hunt, bad memories return concerning the Spanish Civil War and lead to big trouble

Vacas (1991)  --  following two Basque families from 1875-1936, from the Carlist War to the Spanish Civil War

Una Pasion Singular (2002)  --  Blas Infante, "the father of Andalucia," in the Spanish Civil War

 Los santos inocentes (The Holy Innocents) (1984)  --  a critical look at the terrible inequality in the Spanish country life of the 1960s

Head in the Clouds (2005)  --  two women and one man confronted with the growing fascism in Spain & eventual civil war

Sostiene Pereira (Pereira Declares) (1998)  --  journalist Sostiene Pereira, working at the time of Antonio de Oliveira Salazar in 1938 during the Spanish civil war, tries not to take sides in the conflict  ($69.94)

Los girasoles ciegos (The Blind Sunflowers) (2008)  --  Ourense, Spain, 1940

Las 13 rosas (The 13 Roses) (2007)  --  republican women try to keep their republican ideal in the aftermath of Franco's victory

Salvador Puig Antich (2006) – based on the life of the last person arrested for political reasons under Francisco Franco

The Anarchist's Wife (2008) --  the anarchist's wife never gives up hope on seeing her husband again after he fought in the Spanish Civil War and then joined the French Resistance

Operación Ogro (Orgo) (1979) – clandestine Basque organization ETA plans to kill Franco successor, Admiral Carrero Blanco

Raza (Race) (1942)  -- film glorifying the fascist forces defeating the democratic ones in the Spanish Civil War

Cruzada en la mar (1968) – Spanish Civil War

Días rojos (2004)  --  Spanish Civil War

20-N:  Los últimos días de Franco (2008)  --  the last days of dictator Francisco Franco

Mirant al cel (2008) – Spanish Civil War

Alféreces provisionales (1964)  --  Spanish Civil War

L'assedio dell'Alcazar (The Siege of Alcazar) (1940) – a piece of fascist propaganda; during the Spanish Civil War the Alcazar of Toledo, 45 minutes from Madrid, is besieged by Republican forces

Las largas vacaciones del 36 (Long Vacations of 36) (1976) – on a long vacation a family tries to remain neutral in the Spanish Civil War  (currently unavailable)

El viaje de Carol (Carol's Journey) (2002)  --  Carol is Spanish-American from NYC, but her dad fights in the Spanish Civil War; she & her mother go to Spain

La Forja de un rebelde (1990) --  autobiographic trilogy of Arturo Barea who became involved in the Spanish civil War; TV series

La buena nueva (The Good News) (2008)   --  priest Miguel tries to defend the victims of shootings by the National Front but finds the church is siding with the fascists and not the republic

X   L'espoir (Man's Hope) (1945)  --  an aerial squadron loyal to Franco needs to wipe out a Republican air field, but don't know it's location; so they take an illiterate peasant up in the air with them 

Behold a Pale Horse (1964)  --  Spanish republican, Manuel Artiguez, continues to  fight Franco's fascist forces even after the Republicans lost the war; a policeman plans to trap him

La hora de los valientes (The Hour of the Brave Ones) (1998)  --  a man and a woman try to save a Goya masterpiece amidst the violence of war

Dragón rapide  (1986)  --  two weeks before the start of the Spanish Civil War in 1936

 

Post-War Spain & Portugal  

Spain:  Francoist Spain: 1936-1975

Spain:  Third Borbon Restoration 1975-present  -- Juan Carlos I (1975-)

Raza ( Race) (1942)  --  Spanish fascist story of Franco family and Franco

Espérame en el cielo (Wait for me in Heaven) (1988) – a man is grabbed by a group who wants to use him as a model for the Spanish dictator Franco

¡Buen Viaje, Excelencia! (2003)  --  comic, irreverent treatment of the dictator Franco in his last two years of life

Tiovivo c. 1950 (2004)  --  life in post-Civil War Madrid, the city offers entertainment, hope and love, in spite of the many restrictions

Pájaros  de papel (Paper Birds) (2010)  --  lives of a comic and artistic group in the hard times after the end of the Spanish Civil War

X  Operacion Ogro (Ogro)  --  a Basque independence group (ETA) vows to stop Admiral Carrero Blanco from becoming the replacement for the dying Franco

Cinco dias, cinco noites (Five Days, Five Nights) (1996)  --  Álvaro Cunhal, communist party chief of Portugal, escapes from prison and tells his story

Capitães de Abril  (April Captains) (1997)  --  military coup of the left overthrows the dictatorship in Portugal, April 25, 1974, that was established by Salazar in 1933

 

 

CIVIL RIGHTS - SPAIN

La pelota vasca: la piel contra la piedra  (The Basque Ball: Skin against Stone) (2003)  --  problem of Basque region of Spain

Yoyes (2000) --  fictionalized reconstruction of the life of Dolores "Yoyes" González Catarain a woman member of the Basque liberation group ETA 

 

 

 

 

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